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Clarke County, Virginia

Clarke-County-Courthouse-Berryville-Virginia.jpgClarke County is a county in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of 2010, the population was 14,034.   Its county seat is Berryville .

History

Clarke County was established in 1736 by Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron who built a home, Greenway Court, on part of his 5 million acre (20,000 km²) property, near what is now the village of White Post. White Post was named for the large signpost pointing the way to Lord Fairfax's home.

Many of the early settlers of what became Clarke County were children of Tidewater planters, who settled on large land grants from Lord Fairfax. 2/3 of the county was settled by the plantation group, and the plantation lifestyle thrived until the Civil War. Clarke was known for its large crops of wheat.

During the Civil War, John S. Mosby, "the Gray Ghost" of the Confederacy, raided General Sheridan's supply train in the summer of 1864, in Berryville. The Battle of Cool Spring was fought in Clarke County on July 17 and 18th, 1864, and the Battle of Berryville on September 3, 1864.

Early in the 20th century, future Virginia politician Harry F. Byrd, Sr. and his wife established their first home near Berryville, where he undertook extensive agricultural activity growing peaches and apples. Byrd became a State senator in the upper house of the Virginia General Assembly, served a term as a Governor of Virginia, and was a United States Senator for over 30 years, heading the powerful Byrd Organization which dominated state politics between the mid 1920s and 1960s.

Find Your Dream Home in Clarke County, Virginia

Historic Buildings and Structures

  • Clermont Estate (1751)
  • Fairfield (1765)
  • Soldier's Rest (1769)
  • Buck Marsh Church (1772)
  • Norwood (1780)
  • Burwell-Morgan Mill (1782)
  • Holy Cross Abbey (1784)
  • Audley Estate (1794)
  • Bel Voi (1803)
  • Rosemont Estate (1811)
  • Clay Hill (1816)
  • Clifton (1833)
  • Clarke County Courthouse (1837)
  • Stone's Chapel (1848)
  • Glendale Farm (1850)
  • Site of Mosby's Raid (1863)

Photo Gallery

Fairfield Estate
(1765)
Soldier's Rest
(1769)
Norwood Estate
(1780)
Holy Cross Abbey
(1784)
Audley Estate
(1794)
Bel Voi
(1803)
Rosemont Estate
(1811)
Clay Hill
(1816)
Clifton
(1833)
Clarke County Courthouse
(1837)
Stone's Chapel
(1848)
Glendale Farm
(1850)

Adjacent counties

  • Loudoun County, Virginia - East
  • Warren County, Virginia - South West
  • Fauquier County, Virginia - South East
  • Frederick County, Virginia - West
  • Jefferson County, West Virginia - North