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Calvert County is a county located in the U.S. state of Maryland. It occupies the Calvert Peninsula which is bordered on the east by the Chesapeake Bay and on the west by the Patuxent River. Calvert County is part of the Southern Maryland region. Calvert County's residents are among the highest median household-income in the United States.
As of 2010, the population was 88,737. Its county seat is the town of Prince Frederick, Maryland. The county's name is derived from the family name of the Barons of Baltimore, the proprietors of the English Colony of Maryland.
Calvert County is one of the several Maryland counties that make up part of the Washington Metropolitan Area or the Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area.
Calvert County is the home of the notable Calvert Cliffs Nuclear Power Plant at Lusby. A branch of the United States Naval Research Laboratory is located at Chesapeake Beach. The Cove Point LNG Terminal is located near Lusby, Maryland, on the western shore of the Chesapeake Bay. The Patuxent River Naval Air Station is located immediately to the south of Calvert County, in St. Mary's County.
First settled as Charles County (not the same as present-day Charles County, Maryland) around 1650, it was renamed. Patuxent County was established in 1654 by an Order in Council. In 1658 the county was renamed Calvert County. It is one of the older counties in Maryland, after St. Mary's County, Kent County and Anne Arundel County.
Once made up primarily of farms and tobacco fields, the county was/is slowly claiming its place as a fast-growing exurban neighbor of Washington. Many home prices have nearly quadrupled in the past decade, with many four-bedroom homes in the northern half of the county averaging over $1,000,000. The popular weekend resort towns Solomons, Maryland and Chesapeake Beach are notable.
The county has a number of properties on the National Register of Historic Places.
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 345.09 square miles (893.8 km2), of which 215.17 square miles (557.3 km2) (or 62.35%) is land and 129.91 square miles (336.5 km2) (or 37.65%) is water.
Calvert County is served by Calvert County Public Schools. The county's education system consists of 13 elementary schools, 6 middle schools, 4 high schools, vocational education center, and a variety of other facilities.
Calvert County lies in the Humid subtropical climate zone, with hot, humid summers and mild to chilly winters with plentiful precipitation year-round. Its proximity to the Chesapeake Bay has a moderating effect on temperatures compared with locales further inland.
Information and images courtesy of wikipedia.org